MMWR – Annual Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Years of Potential Life Lost, and Economic Costs – United States, 1995-1999
April 12, 2002 / Vol. 51 / No. 14
- Cigarette smoking continues to be a leading cause of death in the United States, and imposes substantial measurable costs to society. From 1995-1999, smoking killed over 440,000 people in the United States each year.
- Each pack of cigarettes sold in the United States costs the nation an estimated $7.18 in medical care costs and lost productivity.
- Estimates show that smoking caused over $150 billion in annual health-related economic losses from 1995 to 1999 including $81.9 billion in mortality-related productivity losses (average for 1995-1999) and $75.5 billion in excess medical expenditures in 1998.
- The economic costs of smoking are estimated to be about $3,391 per smoker per year.
- Smoking caused an estimated 264,087 male and 178, 311 female deaths in the United States each year from 1995 to 1999.
- Among adults, the study estimates that most deaths were from lung cancer (124,813), ischemic heart disease (81,976) and chronic airway obstruction (64,735).
- Excluding adult deaths from exposure to secondhand smoke, adult males and females lost an average of 13.2 and 14.5 years of life respectively, because they smoked.
- Smoking during pregnancy resulted in an estimated 599 male infant and 408 female infant deaths annually.
- For men, the average number of annual smoking-attributable cancer and cardiovascular disease deaths in 1995-1999 fell while the number of respiratory disease deaths remained stable.
- For women, the average number of annual smoking-attributable cancer and respiratory disease deaths in 1995-1999 rose while the number of cardiovascular deaths fell.
- Smoking-attributable neonatal expenditures were estimated at $366 million in 1996 or $704 per maternal smoker.
MMWR – Annual Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Years of Potential Life Lost, and Economic Costs – United States, 1995-1999 51(14) April 12, 2002